The creation of a series of new buildings and public spaces in a given area. Typically referred to as real estate development, development is a complex process that engages multiple stakeholders in the design process. Development is sometimes synonymous with growth as the number of designed items in a city is increasing, thus signaling more foot traffic and economic transactions.


The Rosa Parks of Architecture: Norma Merrick Sklarek

By R. Kofi Bempong

Explore the inspiring journey of Norma Merrick Sklarek, the 'Rosa Parks of architecture,' in this compelling narrative. From her early days in Harlem to becoming the first African American woman licensed as an architect in New York, Sklarek's story is one of resilience and brilliance.


Harlem, NYC StoryMap

By tracing Black-designed places in Harlem, this StoryMap highlights the importance of Black urbanists in shaping Harlem’s historical and contemporary identities.

Nexus Podcast

Toni Griffin

Season 1, Episode 6: Urbanist, architect, and GSD Professor Toni Griffin shares her experiences transitioning from working in the private sector to the public sector and starting her own design research initiative.


Kimberly Dowdell

Kimberly Dowdell, AIA, NOMA is an architect and real estate developer born and raised in Detroit.  She is the president of the National Association of Minority Architects, the Director of Business Development for HOK’s Chicago Office, and a partner of...


Stephen Gray

Stephen Gray continually challenges the false choice between either making cities more beautiful or making them more equitable. Whether in his career as a senior urban designer at Sasaki or in his teaching and research at the GSD, Gray’s work...


The Campus for Research Excellence and Technological Enterprise

The Campus for Research Excellence and Technological Enterprise (CREATE) in Singapore is a visionary 729,900 square-foot campus, opened in 2013, for a pathbreaking research university dedicated to innovations in science and technology. Comprised of two mid-rise and one high-rise building...